Biofertilizer Research Group

The Biofertilizer Research Group is leading in advanced composting process and waste recycling technology for agriculture purposes. Biofertilizer is the substances mainly organic that promote plant growth through beneficial microbial activities such as nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization and plant growth promoting substances synthesize. The group main focus is on effective organic wastes recycling technology to convert organic wastes into organic fertilizer. Currently, the researches on oil palm biomass composting and pyrolisis process are conducted in the group under the collaboration between UPM and KIT.

The economic feasibility analysis also been conducted for both researches to promote zero discharge in oil palm industry.

These projects are conducted with the same vision which is to improve the quality and reduce the processing cost for better utilization of oil palm wastes. The development of new technology could lead to better agricultural and wastewater practice in oil palm industry

Currently, there are four PhD students and four master student registered under this group that focus on biocompost and biocharcoal production from oil palm biomass, wastewater treatment and recycling and economic feasibility studies.


Biofertilizer Members


Journals Published

Research Projects

Accelerated Composting System for Oil Palm
and Organic Wastes

Palm oil industries generate huge amount of wastes every year. The current treatments of oil palm wastes such as mulching, boiler fuel, incineration and open pond/tank treatment however have lead to great environmental pollution. The utilization of these biomass to produce value-added product such as Biocompost have become an option. However, current composting technologies required long operation duration and huge capital funding. These have become the main constrain for palm oil industry to practice environmental friendly operation.

The Biofertilizer research group focuses on the development of accelerated composting system that capable to decompose the raw material such as Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) within 30 days. Besides, other potential raw materials in industries such as oil palm mesocarp fiber, oil palm frond and municipal solid wastes also been used as the substrates for composting process. The physicochemical and biological studied also been conducted for better understanding of composting mechanism. While, certain beneficial microbes also been isolated for further application. The optimization of environmental friendly microbes such as P-solubilizing and N-fixing bacteria in more stable Biocompost is targeted to maximize the nutrient absorption in the crops. Besides, molecular study also been conducted to enhance microbial enzymatic production for further application.

Biocharcoal Production for Wastes Water
Treatment and Recycling

Biocharcoal are extremely porous, yet extremely strong in molecular structure. The great porosity allows minerals and nutrients essential for plant growth to be retained inside the biocharcoal. Thus, provides time for the plant roots to extract the nutrients. The production of biocharcoal from oil palm biomass provided a solution for zero-discharged in the mill. These biocharcoal could be used to treat and recycle the wastewater for mill operation. While, the residues of biocharcoal will be utilized for agricultural propose.

Biofertilizer research group focuses on the development of low cost biocharcoal production as well as optimizing wastewater treatment process. The biocharcoal will be produce by using low cost pyrolisis processing system that can produce huge amount of charcoal within short period of time. Besides, the research group also focuses on development of efficient wastewater treatment mechanism that could effectively treat the wastewater for zero-discharged.

Biocompost Plant Model

Biocompost pilot plant

Empty Fruit Bunch Compost

Empty fruit bunch compost

Mesocarp Fiber Compost

Mesocarp fiber compost

Granular Activated Carbon

Granular activated carbon



Biofertilizer Collaborations
  • Kyushu Institute of Technology Logo
  • Felda Palm Industrie Logo
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