Biofertilizer Research Group
The Biofertilizer Research Group is leading in advanced composting process and waste recycling technology for agriculture purposes. Biofertilizer is the substances mainly organic that promote plant growth through beneficial microbial activities such as nitrogen fixation, phosphate solubilization and plant growth promoting substances synthesize. The group main focus is on effective organic wastes recycling technology to convert organic wastes into organic fertilizer. Currently, the researches on oil palm biomass composting and pyrolisis process are conducted in the group under the collaboration between UPM and KIT.
The economic feasibility analysis also been conducted for both researches to promote zero discharge in oil palm industry.
These projects are conducted with the same vision which is to improve the quality and reduce the processing cost for better utilization of oil palm wastes. The development of new technology could lead to better agricultural and wastewater practice in oil palm industry
Currently, there are four PhD students and four master student registered under this group that focus on biocompost and biocharcoal production from oil palm biomass, wastewater treatment and recycling and economic feasibility studies.
Accelerated Composting System for Oil Palm
and Organic Wastes
Palm oil industries generate huge amount of wastes every year. The current treatments of oil palm wastes such as mulching, boiler fuel, incineration and open pond/tank treatment however have lead to great environmental pollution. The utilization of these biomass to produce value-added product such as Biocompost have become an option. However, current composting technologies required long operation duration and huge capital funding. These have become the main constrain for palm oil industry to practice environmental friendly operation.
Biocharcoal Production for Wastes Water
Treatment and Recycling
Biocharcoal are extremely porous, yet extremely strong in molecular structure. The great porosity allows minerals and nutrients essential for plant growth to be retained inside the biocharcoal. Thus, provides time for the plant roots to extract the nutrients. The production of biocharcoal from oil palm biomass provided a solution for zero-discharged in the mill. These biocharcoal could be used to treat and recycle the wastewater for mill operation. While, the residues of biocharcoal will be utilized for agricultural propose.
Biocompost pilot plant